As a result of its exceptional durability, laminate flooring is a popular choice for high-traffic areas.
Because it can be made to look like other types of flooring, there is a great deal of variety in the numerous styles available on the market.
When shopping for new flooring, the strength and capacity to withstand regular wear and tear are frequently considered when making a decision.
Laminate flooring, which is commonly found in hallways and living rooms, is now being installed on one of the most high-traffic places in most homes – the staircase.
This prompts us to consider the method of how to put laminate flooring on a stairwell landing.
Although like any floor, it has its own set of peculiarities when it comes to installation, it is a reasonably simple task if you have the necessary time and supplies.
If you don’t want to deal with the hassle of locating a fitter and would rather do it yourself, this step-by-step tutorial will assist you.
Another useful resource is this video, which follows you through the process of installing laminate in a standard room.
How to Install Wood Flooring On Stairs
What You Need to Know:
There are various reasons why laminate floors are a popular flooring option for many homes, including the fact that they are inexpensive, durable, and simple to install.
Moreover, they may be customized to match the requirements of practically any room or area of the house, including the stairwell.
However, in order to place them on the stairwell, additional installation instructions must be followed.
In this case, what is the proper method of installing laminate flooring on stairs with a stair nose?
Every home improvement project should begin with a well-defined pre-installation strategy.
The laminate planks are bonded together and then trimmed to the desired size and thickness.
The correct order in which to put the materials on the stairs is riser first, tread next, and nosing last, as shown in the diagram.
PS. A video presentation for fitting a laminating flooring in a regular room.
Instructions for Installing Laminate Flooring on Stairs with a Stair Nose
The flooring covering the market in the country is made up of a variety of options such as carpet, tile, and wood, but laminate flooring sales accounted for approximately $898 million of its entire value in the year 2019.
Many American homeowners are looking for inexpensive yet long-lasting flooring solutions to place in their homes, which is the most significant cause for this.
They have snap-together edges, which makes them excellent for do-it-yourself home jobs like painting.
Choosing the right sort of laminate flooring for a home is normally a matter of personal preference, but a laminate flooring plank is the most suitable option for a stair landing.
The installation of laminate flooring on stair treads is more difficult than the installation of wood flooring.
Because the stairwell is a high-traffic area, the laminate requires additional adhesion in order to withstand movement.
In contrast to traditional laminate flooring, which requires an underlayment, the material is directly attached to the subfloor, resulting in improved adhesion.
Here’s a step-by-step approach to ensuring that your flooring material is installed correctly:
1. Make a plan for the Project
When it comes to foot traffic in a home, the stairwell is one of the most heavily used spaces, which makes it critical to choose the correct material for this location immediately.
Carpeted floors may appear appealing because they are soft underfoot and, when compared to other flooring options, they are excellent at reducing noise.
Although carpet is durable, it requires additional care and upkeep, particularly if it is installed in an area with a lot of foot traffic.
There are also other possibilities, such as vinyl plank flooring and hardwood flooring.
A wooden stair is long-lasting, but it requires a lot of upkeep and is pricey.
Vinyl flooring is a low-cost choice that is ideal for individuals who do not want to use a wood stairway, but it is not as durable as the other stair flooring options on the market.
A laminate floor is an ideal alternative since it delivers the look and feels of a wood floor without the need for a large budget or lengthy care routines.
It is also the least expensive option. One of the most common difficulties with laminate stairs is that they are high gloss and slippery, therefore make sure to request a textured matte finish from the flooring manufacturer to reduce the likelihood of slipping and falling on the laminate tread surface.
a) Determine the total amount of supplies required
Before going out and purchasing supplies, it’s critical to understand the proper measurements of the various stair elements.
A regular stair tread piece measures 11 inches in length, whereas a basic stair riser piece measures 7 inches in length.
Stairs are typically 36 inches wide.
A staircase with ten treads and eleven risers requires around 47 square feet of flooring material, which means that homeowners must prepare three to four boxes of laminate flooring solely for the stairs.
There is a separate difficulty with the nosing for the stairs because you need to select one that is compatible with the laminate stair.
Nasal transitions are critical because they ensure that the treads and risers on the stair’s edge are consistent in appearance.
Nosing accessories are provided by some laminate flooring manufacturers; however, their laminate planks are insufficient for the common standard staircase measurements.
The treads and risers are still made from laminate planks, which the owners cut themselves.
b) Allow the laminate to become acclimated.
A laminate plank, like a hardwood floor, must be allowed to acclimatize before it can be installed.
The planks should be kept out of their packaging for about 48 hours, in an open area with sufficient air circulation, so that they can become appropriately adjusted to the humidity and temperature of the house.
It is crucial to complete this process since it prevents warping, contracting, and growing later on.
2. Construct the Subflooring
Having properly leveled flooring is critical to a successful laminate installation process.
Placing laminate over tile, vinyl, or carpeted stairs is not a good option since carpet and tiles have uneven surfaces, which makes it difficult to install laminate.
Directly attaching the material to the vinyl is also not a practical solution due to the substance’s high slickness when wet.
The removal of all of these materials should be completed prior to the installation.
The surface should have excellent adhesion because the laminate installation entails gluing and nailing the material to the subfloor throughout the installation process.
Surfaces with a rough texture, such as hardwood and plywood, are the ideal choices for laminate staircases because they ensure that the material adheres correctly.
3. Prepare the Laminate Floors (if applicable).
Following the completion of the necessary measurements and preparations for the staircase, the following stage is to prepare the laminate boards prior to their placement on the staircase.
Here’s a step-by-step approach to ensuring that your laminate flooring is correctly prepared:
a) Glue two planks together with wood glue
Take two laminate planks and glue them together such that the width of the tread is the same as the width of the planks.
Make use of particular wood glue with low moisture content so that it does not seep into the flooring material during installation.
Keep in mind that you should apply glue to the laminate’s tongue because this reduces the quantity of leftover adhesive that needs to be wiped away later on.
a) Take measurements for the tread and riser
While we’re waiting for the glue on the laminate to dry, we’ll measure the length of each step’s riser and tread to make sure they’re the same length.
The technique for the riser is straightforward – simply measure from the bottom of the step to the top of the step.
Because the tread flushes up against the riser, it is important to remember to deduct the thickness of the riser from the tread’s width.
Consider the following example: If the original measurement of a tread is 11 12″ and the laminate thickness is 3/8″, the tread’s measurement is 11 1/8″.
Another thing to keep in mind regarding treads is that they do not extend all the way to the edge of the stair because a stair nosing is placed on their edge to prevent them from doing so.
The size of the nose varies depending on the manufacturer, however, its measurements should be subtracted from the final measurement of the tread.
If a staircase additionally has a stair spindle, make sure to measure it and remove the surface area it occupies from the laminate stair tread’s total surface area before proceeding.
b) Trim the tread and riser to size.
Once all of the planks have been glued together and the measurements have been finalized, it is time to start cutting the planks.
Because most stairs are uniform in length and breadth from the first to the last step, it is safe to make the necessary cuts before installation.
However, if the sizes change from step to step, you will need to measure each tread to ensure that you obtain the proper cut.
The planks should be cut with a table saw. Cut them according to their breadth-first, and then cut them to the appropriate length after that.
The use of fine-toothed blades for finishing cuts is advised because they produce smooth finishes that do not result in tear-outs.
Make sure to remove the tongue from the plank before cutting the risers after the treads.
The edge should be flat enough so that the nose can be fitted snuggly on top of the edge.
Since the tongue should not be placed at the bottom section of the riser, this area should be left as grooves alone to avoid complications later on.
To finish, cut the nose pieces to be the same length as the treads and risers on the stairwell.
4. Nail and adhere the treads and risers to the joists with nails and adhesives.
It is critical to begin at the top of the staircase and work your way down while installing the treads and risers.
First, apply construction glue to the risers to hold them in place.
They must also be fastened or screwed to the wall to be secure.
Because a finishing nailer only produces little indentations on the planks, it is the most appropriate tool for this job.
Owners may also use 2″ finishing nails around the edges of the boards, but the planks should be pre-drilled with nail holes so that the nails are easy to drive down.
Screws do a better job of holding the planks together than nails, but they require more wood filler.
It doesn’t matter if you use nails or screws; just make sure there are enough on either side of the plank.
After you’ve finished with the riser, you may move on to installing the tread.
5. Attach the Stair Nosing to the stairwell.
If the edge of the stairs is not currently protected by a rounded edge, bullnose, or flush stair nose, a stair nosing strip made of plastic or metal can be used to provide additional protection.
A laminate or hardwood stair nose is vital because it protects the steps from potential damage while also acting as an anti-slip surface on the treads.
It is possible to find stair nose molding in a variety of styles and shapes.
A metal bracket that must be inserted into the subfloor may be used to secure it over the tread and over the top of the riser.
It may also be used to secure it over the tread without a metal bracket.
The laminate stair nose is the most prone to damage, regardless of the method used to install it, so make sure it is properly glued and fastened to the floor before proceeding.
Some stair noses also come with particular installation instructions, so be sure to thoroughly read them before proceeding with the installation.
6. Final Touches and Disposal of Materials
Putty should be used to fill in any nail or screw holes that may remain after everything has been installed.
The putty should be cleaned quickly once it has dried since once it has dried, it is very difficult to remove from the stairwell.
Sweep the dust off the stairwell and leave it there overnight to allow the new flooring to settle in place.
How long does it take to complete?
The process of installing hardwood floors on the staircase in Los Angeles is not time-consuming.
It takes approximately four to five hours to complete the operation.
It is necessary to finish the steps fast and to apply a finish of your choice to the flooring before they can be refinished.
Now, the best flooring professionals employ high-quality coatings that dry in a short period of time.
The drying time varies from one coat to another and might take up to an hour.
After an hour has passed since the last coat was put, you can walk across the newly finished stairs without causing damage to the surface.
Hardwood Stairs Offer a Vast Range of Options
The procedure of installing stairs is complicated by the presence of several critical components.
Treads, risers, and stair noses are all examples of this. Treads are horizontal steps that take up the greatest amount of space on your stairwell. Risers are now used as vertical backings for your stairwells.
Stair Treads are a type of tread that is used on stairs.
Treads are the most commonly used material for stair treads.
A tread is a whole plank of wood with a rounded edge on the front that is used for stair climbing.
When choosing stair treads, take into consideration whether your steps are open or enclosed.
Open staircases, on the other hand, necessitate the use of a tread with the return.
The tread with return indicates that there are rounded edges on both the side and the front of the tread.
Stair Risers are a type of stairlift.
Risers are constructed in a manner similar to treads, with the exception that they are positioned on the vertical segment of the stairwell.
There is a current fashion for employing mismatched treads and risers on stairwells.
The Nose of the Stairs
Although this is officially a transition molding, it is also a very important component of almost all stair construction projects.
When installing hardwood flooring and wishing to transition from the upper level to the lower level, the last board, which is rounded and known as a stair nose, should be used.
Bullnose molding is a curved molding having a groove at the end that is narrower than the rest of the molding.
In order to provide a square platform for changing directions, a stair nose is used in conjunction with hardwood flooring on the landing.
Our Final Thoughts
The state of your stairs will have an immediate impact on the quality of your hardwood floors.
When the subfloor is not correctly prepared, it can cause a variety of issues, including loose boards and loud cracking noises.
For this problem, you’ll need to replace a few wooden plans over time.
So, take your time when working on the stairwell subfloor prior to laying hardwood floors.
The longer the wood stairs remain in good shape, the better the condition of the subfloors.
You may have hardwood installation on stairs right now now that you know everything there is to know about it.
Frequently Ask Questions
Is it possible to install wood flooring on stairs?
The installation of wood flooring on stairs is pretty simple and should begin at the bottom of the stairs.
To guarantee that everything stays firmly in place, apply stair nosing (a molding that covers the edge of each step and ties the flooring together) with the same glue.
What is the simplest type of flooring to lay on stairs?
Vinyl is an excellent choice for stairwell flooring since it is both easy to clean and nonslip.
It is also a cost-effective solution with a simple installation procedure.
Vinyl comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, including sheets, tiles, and planks.
Do you put in the risers or the treads first?
When constructing stairs, place the riser first, followed by the tread.
Begin at the bottom and work your way up, alternating risers and treads.
Each tread’s back will be flush with the riser.